Kazakhstan’s Tourist Attractions

 

Main cities, places of interest and popular tourist destinations

 

The numerous and highly diverse attractions of Kazakhstan include:

  • Unique natural objects: boundless steppes, most beautiful Tien Shan Mountains, grandiose Charyn Canyon with the Valley of Castles, Ustyurt Plateau, Aral and Caspian Seas, a number of picturesque lakes (Balkhash, Issyk-Kul, Kok-kol, Markakol, Big Almaty), Aksu-Zhabagly Nature Reserve and Altyn-Emel national park with the famous Singing Sand Dune.
  • Objects of historical and cultural heritage: Tamgaly-Tas rock carvings, royal Saka burial mounds of Beshatyr Saka, Arystan Bab Mausoleum, underground Beket-ata Mosque and Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi.
  • Monumental modern structures: Independence Palace, Bayterek monument, Palace of Peace and Concordance, Nur-Astana Mosque, Hazrat Sultan Mosque, huge shopping and entertainment complex Khan Shatyr in Nur-Sultan; Ascension Cathedral and Kok Tobe television tower in Almaty.
  • Numerous museums in different cities across Kazakhstan: Nur-Sultan, Almaty, Karaganda.
  • Famous Medeu sports complex - the world’s highest stadium located in a gorge with the same name.
  • The world’s first and largest spaceport - the Baikonur cosmodrome, from which the first artificial satellite was launched and the first man flew into space.
  • Resorts: Bayanaul, Kokshetau, Muyaldy and Borovoe resorts.

Tourist Attractions in Almaty

 

Almaty (Alma-Ata, translates as ‘the father of apples’) is the largest city in Kazakhstan with a population of about 2 million people, which before 1997 was the country’s capital and to this day retains the status of its historical, cultural and economic centre. Almaty is now often referred to as the ‘southern capital’ of Kazakhstan.

Almaty is situated at the foot of Trans-Ili Alatau, which accounts for the unpredictable weather in the city, with sharp temperature drops occurring even within one day. 

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Baykonur

Baykonur

Baykonur is the name for a town and a launching site, at which the communication between the earthlings and the mysterious and unexplored space began. This is the place where Yuri Gagarin, the world’s first cosmonaut, began his journey into the enormous space.

‘Baykonur’ (‘baykonyr’) is a Kazakh word meaning ‘fertile land.’ The Baykonur cosmodrome is the world’s first and largest launching site, its area being 6,717 km².

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Charyn National Park

Charyn National Park

If you are in Kazakhstan on business or on vacation, carve out at least one day in your schedule and visit the Charyn National Park .The magnificent park is located in the east of the Almaty region on the Kazakh-Chinese border. Even a short trip around the park will leave a lasting impression.

The Charyn Park was created in February 2004 and on the territory of the Ili intermountain basin. It gained world fame thanks to Charyn Canyon, which also is called the younger brother of the Grand Canyon in the United States. Although it is smaller in size, it is not inferior to the Grand Canyon in the variety and magnificence of the landscape.

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Altin Emel National Park

Altin Emel National Park

If you are an outdoor activity fan with thirst for adventure, have a pioneer spirit and you are ready to explore incredible and mysterious places in Central Asia, then you should certainly be on your way to Kazakhstan, or more specifically in the Almaty region, in the Altyn Emel National Park.

The park, created in April 1996 to preserve unique natural monuments, as well as rare and endangered plant and animal species, is one of the most unusual and picturesque geological parks in the world. The diversity of primeval and spectacular landscapes, the richness of fauna and flora are able to amaze even experienced travelers who are not so easy to surprise.

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Oasis of Otrar

Oasis of Otrar

The image of Kazakhstan in ancient times is associated with the faces of stern nomads wandering on endless lands, with countless herds of horses grazing on the mountain slopes and yurts in the middle of the steppe.   However, there is a place in southern Kazakhstan that does not fit this image of nomadic life at all. This is the Oasis of Otrar, located in the lower course of the Arys River, where it flows into the Syr Darya.   In this region, people since time immemorial have been skilled farmers. They had developed a branched irrigation system that forever changed the landscape of this area, making it a point of attraction for many foreigners.

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Tian Shan Mountains

Tian Shan Mountains

Tian Shan is the majestic and beautiful mountains in the heart of Central Asia. People come here to lose their heads from the beauty of landscapes, leave a part of their souls in deep gorges and lose peace forever, falling in love with dense coniferous forests and crystal lakes.

The Tian Shan mountain range stretches from east to west throughout China, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

Tian Shan is one of the highest mountains on the planet - more than thirty peaks here exceed the mark of six kilometers. It is not by chance that the name of these mountains is translated as “heavenly” or “divine” mountains.

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