Kokand

Main sights of Kokand

 

Kokand situated 88 km from the city of Fergana is one of the most important urban centers of the Fergana Valley and entire Uzbekistan.

Kokand was once a part of the antique country of Davan, but actually flourished in the 18th century, when it became the capital of the Khanate of Kokand and religious centre of the region, with about 40 madrasahs (also spelled madrasa, madarasaa, medresa, madrassa, madraza, madarsa, medrese) and over 300 mosques organised in the territory of the city at that time.

Its advantageous geographic location at the mouth of the fertile Fergana Valley made Kokand an important point on the Great Silk Road (Route). The city was distinguished by well-developed trade and trade infrastructure (bazaars and caravanserais), as well as a wide range of crafts and arts (pottery, wood and plaster cutting and others).

The principal and most impressive architectural heritage of present-day Kokand belongs to the 18th-19th centuries, when the Khanate of Kokand was at its peak, and includes luxurious royal palaces, magnificent mosques and madrasahs, modest and pompous mausoleums and other constructions.

Many of the architectural monuments became ruins before they have reached our days, but what remains of them is quite illustrative of Kokand’s former might and prosperity.

On its way from Tashkent to Kokand the road crosses a most picturesque mountain pass, Kamchik. A 19.2-kilometre railway tunnel has recently been built under the pass.

Places to visit and top sights in Kokand:

How to get to Kokand:

  • Speed train Tashkent - Kokand;

The palace of Khudayar Khan

The palace of Khudayar Khan

The Palace of Khudayar Khan (19th century) also known as the Kokand Urda stands apart from other architectural monuments of Kokand. The palace was designed in the traditional Central Asian style and ornamented with fretwork and paintings, its decoration being a mixture of a wide range of traditional applied arts.

The Palace of Khudayar Khan was the residence of the last and most famous khan of the Khanate of Kokand.

It is the largest and most spectacular of the seven royal palaces in Kokand.

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Jami Mosque And Madrasah In Kokand

Jami Mosque And Madrasah In Kokand

The Jami architectural complex (late 18th-early 19th century) consisting of a madrasah and a functioning mosque is located in the Chorsu Square in Kokand (Fergana Valley, Uzbekistan).

The construction of the complex was initiated by Alimkhan, the ruler of Kokand. For that purpose an experienced master was invited from Ura-Tyube to supervise the work. A team of 200 talented builders were engaged in the construction.

The mosque’s reputation as a very beautiful edifice soon reached the borders of the Khanate of Kokand and went far beyond them.

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Madarikhan Mausoleum

Madarikhan Mausoleum

The Madarikhan Mausoleum (‘madarikhan’ - ‘a khan’s mother’ from Tajik ‘madari’ - ‘mother’) is the grave of the mother of Umarkhan, the ruler of Kokand. There is a cemetery behind the mausoleum.

After the death of Umarkhan’s mother, famous Uzbek poetess Nadira, the wife of the late ruler of Kokand, ordered that a beautiful mausoleum be built over the grave of her mother-in-law as a sign of respect and good memory.

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Local History Museum of Kokand

Local History Museum of Kokand

The Kokand Local History Museum was established in 1925 and it is one of the oldest in Uzbekistan.

The Khudoyar Khan palace complex was built in 1871 in the traditional style of Central Asian architecture. The interior and exterior of the palace is impeccable: rich adornment, carved and painted patterns of extraordinary beauty, magnificent decoration, combining many types of national applied art

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