Margilan

Main sights of Margilan
Uzbekistan traditional handmade silk production centre

 

Margilan is situated in the southern part of the Fergana valley, 9 km from the city of Fergana, the administrative centre of the province. The city of Margilan which is over 2,000 years old was one of the earliest urban communities that sprang up in the Fergana valley (Old Margilan) and an important point on the Great Silk Road (Route).

Until our days Margilan has remained a traditional silk production centre, the ‘silk heart’ of Uzbekistan. Generations of artisans skilled in making most beautiful silk fabrics (adras, khan atlas referred to as royal silk and others) by hand, following ancient technologies, have been inhabiting the area since long ago.

As it was at the time of the 'Great Silk Road’s peak activity, the indescribably beautiful silk from Margilan is exported today to a number of countries around the world, including Germany, Iran, India, Russia, Republic of Korea and others. The world’s leading fashion designers use successfully Margilan silk to produce their clothes.

Furthermore, Margilan is famous for its architectural monuments, which make up the city’s principal attractions. The Pir Siddik complex with a dovecote, Khoja Maggiz mausoleum which was the most famous one in the Khanate of Kokand, Said Ahmad Khoja madrasah functioning today as a higher Muslim school and other places of interest in Margilan deserve closest attention.

Places to visit and top sights in Margilan:

How to get to Margilan:

  • Speed train Tashkent - Margilan;

Said Ahmad-Khodja Madrasah

Said Ahmad-Khodja Madrasah

Built in the 19th century, Said Ahmad Hodja Madrasah is similar in appearance to other buildings of that period in the Fergana Valley. The construction of a facade, surrounded by a solid wall, which is divided into sections with a pattern in the form of switches arches. Entrance submitted by the door inside the arch, next the courtyard and iwan of the mosque.

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Chakar And Toron-Bazaar Mosques

Chakar And Toron-Bazaar Mosques

Among the architectural attractions of Margilan (Marghilan) only a few buildings have survived local earthquakes. Among them, a small Chakar Mosque is nestled modestly. It is a remarkable building.
Another building, the age of which is more than 100 years - is also a mosque called Toron-Bazaar (Thoron-Bazaar). It has been erected in the late 19th century The mosque is located near the town market, which affected the name of the building. In 1936, the Toron-Bazar Mosque was transformed in the House of farmers..

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Pir Siddiq Complex

Pir Siddiq Complex

Legend has it that in ancient times, Turks-pagans, attacked the Fergana Valley, and the saint Pir Siddiq hiding from unbelievers hid in a cave. As soon as he entered the cave a flock of pigeons flew in and platted a lot of nests. Passing by the cave Turks thought that in such a place no one could hide and did not inspect it. So, in memory of the miraculous rescue of the saint, around the tomb the whole complex of Pir Siddiq was erected, and the pigeons were especially esteemed in Margilan. People still call it "Kaptarlik" ("Pigeon").

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Yodgorlik Silk Factory

Among the cities of UzbekistanMargilan is famous for excellent silk production. "Yodgorlik" silk factory became famous throughout the world for handmade khan-atlas.

At the beginning of the 1st millennium in Fergana Valley luxurious silk products were made of silk imported from China. In the VII-VIII centuries, breeding silkworm cocoons started here, and the city of Margilan became "silk" capital of the Central Asia. The best silk products were transported along the Silk Road to Baghdad, Kashgar, Khorasan, Egypt, Greece and Byzantium.

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Khodja Maggiz Mausoleum

Khodja Maggiz Mausoleum

There is a unique building - the mausoleum of Khodja Maggiz. It was built in the early 18th century and now the landmark is one of the few buildings of Margilan that have survived local earthquakes. The sacred burial was constructed for the Arab warlord Ibn Maggiz Zhabal, who served the Prophet Mohammed. According to the legend Ibn Zhabal was sent to the Fergana Valley to make local population adopt Islam.

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