Unfortunately, Dishan-Kala has survived into the present much less than Ichan-Kala. Only the gates Kosh-Darvaza, Gandimyan-Darvaza and Khazarasp-Darvaza are left of what once was a massive fortification wall.
Dishan-Kala fortification wall was built at the instigation of Allakuli-Khan’s in the mid-19th с so as to protect the city from attacks of Turkmen tribes. The khan issued a decree requiring that each of his subjects work at the construction site of the wall for 12 days a year - for free, of course. Since the khan had over 200,000 men, the wall was built quite quickly - in 3 years’ time. Its length was 6,000 meters; it was 8 meters tall and 6 meters thick. They built it of saman adobe bricks. The wall had turrets standing at regular intervals along its length. The upper part of the wall was crenellated; it had narrow arrow slits to enable effective defense. Along the perimeter of the wall there was a moat as another defense, and they locked all the gates at nighttime.
The gates were also part of the fortification. Each of them had a turret on either side, and a lookout gallery over it.
Dishan-Kala had 10 gates:
|1.||Khazarasp in the northeast, opening to the roads to Khazarasp, Khanka and Yangiaryk;|
|2.||Pishkanyk in the east, named after the nearby village, or Kumyaska, named after the mahalla residential community located at it;|
|3.||Angaryk in the west, named after the nearby village, opening to the road to Allakuli-Khan’s summer residence Bogishamol;|
|4.||Shikhlar in the south, named after the nearby mahalla residential community, with all the earnings from it going to Pakhlavan Mahmud Mausoleum;|
|5.||Tozabog in the southwest, opening to the road to Muhammad Rakhim-Khan’s summer residence;|
|6.||Shakhimardan in the west, named after the cemetery near it;|
|7.||Dashyak in the northwest, named after the nearby village;|
|8.||Kosh-Darvaza in the north, named so owing to its double-gate design, and also named Urgench;|
|9.||Gadaylar in the north as well, named after the nearby mahalla residential community;|
|10.||Gandimyan in the north as well, named after the nearby village.|
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