Khiva is an architectural museum city. It consists of two parts: Ichan-Kala inner town and Dishan-Kala outer town. They are separated from each other as defense circles.

Unfortunately, Dishan-Kala has survived into the present much less than Ichan-Kala. Only the gates Kosh-Darvaza, Gandimyan-Darvaza and Khazarasp-Darvaza are left of what once was a massive fortification wall.

Dishan-Kala fortification wall was built at the instigation of Allakuli-Khan’s in the mid-19th с so as to protect the city from attacks of Turkmen tribes. The khan issued a decree requiring that each of his subjects work at the construction site of the wall for 12 days a year - for free, of course. Since the khan had over 200,000 men, the wall was built quite quickly - in 3 years’ time. Its length was 6,000 meters; it was 8 meters tall and 6 meters thick. They built it of saman adobe bricks. The wall had turrets standing at regular intervals along its length. The upper part of the wall was crenellated; it had narrow arrow slits to enable effective defense. Along the perimeter of the wall there was a moat as another defense, and they locked all the gates at nighttime.

The gates were also part of the fortification. Each of them had a turret on either side, and a lookout gallery over it.

Dishan-Kala had 10 gates:

1. Khazarasp in the northeast, opening to the roads to Khazarasp, Khanka and Yangiaryk;
2. Pishkanyk in the east, named after the nearby village, or Kumyaska, named after the mahalla residential community located at it;
3. Angaryk in the west, named after the nearby village, opening to the road to Allakuli-Khan’s summer residence Bogishamol;
4. Shikhlar in the south, named after the nearby mahalla residential community, with all the earnings from it going to Pakhlavan Mahmud Mausoleum;
5. Tozabog in the southwest, opening to the road to Muhammad Rakhim-Khan’s summer residence;
6. Shakhimardan in the west, named after the cemetery near it;
7. Dashyak in the northwest, named after the nearby village;
8. Kosh-Darvaza in the north, named so owing to its double-gate design, and also named Urgench;
9. Gadaylar in the north as well, named after the nearby mahalla residential community;
10. Gandimyan in the north as well, named after the nearby village.


View all photos »»

© Copyright © Central Asia Travel.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission of the copyright owner.

«« go back to the top »»

Other tourist attractions in Khiva: How to visit Dishan-Kala:



Tour name *

Full name *


Phone number


E-Mail * 

Number of

Accommodation on the route:

Preferable form of communication:

Comments, wishes on the program:

Send to a friend


Search on the site

Whats new on the site